The BC offer is a broad one, encompassing products and services for a wide range of industries at every stage of the evaluation, research, product development, product trial and manufacturing processes.


December 2018


BioComposites Centre is now launching a new platform of research on crop biostimulants and biofungicides, using marine resources (seaweeds, microalgae, marine plants, etc), and other terrestrial biomass that would growth on coastal regions.

The BioNASPA project will investigate crop biostimulants. These are plant nutrients that, when added in minute amounts, can increase crop production, reducing the negative impact of stress.

Biofungicides are natural products that can control plant diseases, and in our particular case, would act as vaccines for plants (making them immune to diseases) or modify the soil microbiome (providing lots of "good bacteria" to plants).

More details:

October 2018

New book about natural materials and design

A new book published by CRC Press this September features chapters by the BC team. Designing with Natural Materials provides a useful text for those in design, materials science, materials engineering and sutainability. Edited by Dr Graham Ormondroyd (BC) and Angela Morris (the Wool Packaging Company) who are both active members of the Natural Materials Association, the book presents a broad basis for understanding materials selection, life cycle, aesthetics and performance. In a time when sustainability and environmental impact are of great interest to designers, the vast array of natural materials and emerging bio-based materials presents many options. The book is designed to bridge the gap between current scientific knowledge of materials properties and materials design considerations.

Chapters by BC staff include Natural Materials - Composition and Combinations (Morwenna Spear), Designing with the Life Cycle in Mind (Campbell Skinner) and Emerging Nature-based Materials and their Use in New Products (Morwenna Spear).

March 2018

Job oportunity at BC on ProEnrich project

An exciting opportunity to join the team at BC on the BBI joint undertaking funded Pro-Enrich project. BC are seeking to recruit a Research Officer with a background in enzymology to investigate the fractionation of a range of biomass co-product steams into valuable components, including functional proteins. Further details about the post can be found on the Bangor University website, and informal enquiries about the post can be made by contacting Dr Adam Charlton (tel: +44 (0) 1248 388072, e-mail:

The project will demonstrate novel combinations of improved upstream pre-processing and enzymatic treatments to reduce costs and improve efficiency for isolating such value added products. The project consortium consists of partners from 7 countries across Europe, and represents the whole supply chain, including biomass production, processors and several industrial end-users.

The successful candidate will be a driven and talented individual with a strong interest in multi-disciplinary research and will be expected to commence employment on the 1st May 2018, or as soon as possible thereafter. The closing date for applications is 28th March 2018.

February 2018

Bio-based materials for construction and other non-energy uses

The BioComposites Centre has been selected to lead a consortium to deliver a review on 'The potential for using bioenergy resources for construction and other non-energy uses' for the Committee on Climate Change (CCC). This review will feed into the updated Bioenergy Review 2018, which will be published by the CCC in the autumn.

The consortium has brought together leading experts in timber and bio-based materials (BC), Life Cycle Assessment and Environmental Products Declarations (JCH Industrial Ecology, Renuables) and Carbon accounting and Discounting (Professor Colin Price). The team will deliver a review of biomass use and availability in the UK, and its potential role in greenhouse gas abatement strategies. The study will include a deep review of the carbon accounting of using sequestered carbon (timber) in construction.

Dr Graham Ormondroyd, Head of Materials Research at the BioComposites Centre commented 'through our links with the industry and industrial associations the team will be able to give an in-depth analysis of the sector and a robust evaluation of the environmental benefits of the increased use of timber in construction. It is a fantastic opportunity for Bangor University to help shape the policy around future building stock towards green building and the use of timber.'

January 2018

Success for BC PhD students

Over the last month The BioComposites Centre has seen two of its PhD students take and pass their final examinations.

Bronia Stefanowski completed research in the area of improving indoor air quality through the use of modified wood panels. Bronia was examined in late December by Dr Martin Ansell of the University of Bath and Dr Lone Ross Gobakken of NIBIO, Norway.

Elie Mansour undertook research into the use of wool insulation as an absorber of VOCs and was examined in January 2018. Elie was examined by Prof. Pete Walker from University of Bath and Dr Andy Dengel of BRE.

Both Bronia and Elie were praised for the quality of their theses by their examiners. They both will graduate in July 2018.

October 2017

Using Lasers to improve the modification of wood

Fibre 7 UK Ltd, Millennium Lasers Ltd, Bangor University and Coventry University received £1.2 million of co-funding from the UK's innovation agency Innovate UK in September 2017. The consortium brings together laser and wood specialists to improve permeability and processing of timbers during resin treatment. Treatment using resin is one of a growing platform of wood modification technologies which can alter the properties and service life of timber for use in demanding environments or to enhance aesthetics.

Patterns of micro-incisions will be made in the faces of wood prior to treatment to improve penetration of resin into wood pieces. This will enable a greater range of timber species to be modified, including those growing in the UK. Since lasers are able to 'drill fine holes' then with the appropriate pattern of incisions it is believed that an even distribution of fluid can be achieved to considerable depths.

Andy Pitman, Fibre 7's Technical Director believes 'this laser-drilling offers significant benefits for our wood treatment process increasing the range of timbers we can employ and the section sizes we can modify.' He added 'The technology offers others needing to impregnate timbers with fluids such as wood preservatives an additional tool, since far less damage will be caused using lasers compared with mechanical incising meaning it can be used on joinery timbers'. The project runs through to December 2019.

September 2017

MDF Recovery Ltd shortlisted for Innovation Award 2017

MDF Recovery's MD Craig Bartlett and BC Director Rob Elias are attending the Timber Trade Journals awards in London on the 29th of September 2017. Craig's company is short listed in the Timber Innovation category for Innovative Product Development which is sponsored by Timber Expo and TRADA.

MDF Recovery works closely with the Centre to develop a range of products that utilise the recycled MDF fibre. "Through an InnovateUK funded project we helped Craig dry and resinate fibre using our pilot scale MDF line. This work really showed how we can use recycled fibres to make new products. The project demonstrated that closed loop recycling is really possible so I hope he stands a chance of winning" explained Rob. MDF Recovery is up against three other nominees, Actis Insulation, Chalkbarn Natural Products and Simonin SAS so we will keep our fingers crossed for success.

August 2017

BC scientists contribute to new book on the Performance of Bio-based Building Materials

A new book on the performance of bio-based materials has been published recently. Originating out of the COST action FP1303 Performance of Bio-based Building Materials, it brings together the state of the art on the topic. Edited by Dennis Jones and Christian Brischke, the book features contributions from over 60 top researchers from across Europe, and includes significant input from scientists in the BioComposites Centre.

Chapters include:

  • Wood as a material
  • Nonwood materials
  • Protection of bio-based materials
  • Performance of bio-based materials
  • Performance of buildings
  • Test methods for bio-based materials
  • Modelling
  • Environmental assessment of bio-based materials

Four of these chapters include contributions from BC staff, Dr Simon Curling and Dr Graham Ormondroyd, with additional contributions by BC PhD students Elie Mansour and Bronia Stefanowski. Dr Curling also acted as chapter lead for the Test methods for bio-based materials chapter.

The book is available from Elsevier Publishing.

June 2017

BREAD4PLA project wins EU award

BREAD4PLA, a green science and technology project in which Bangor University's research played a significant role, has been awarded one of the two "Green Awards" as one of the best LIFE Environment Projects of the last 25 years. Read more

April 2017

BC host training school organised for COST Action FP 1407: Modwoodlife

The BioComposites Centre recently hosted 15 Phd students and early career researchers from across Europe at a training school organised for COST Action FP 1407: Modwoodlife. The overarching themes of the school were to discuss how Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) can be used with modified wood, and how the properties of modified wood can be characterised and tested. Following an introduction to Bangor from Dr Graham Ormondroyd of BC there was a brief introduction session where all participants talked about their own work background. Then Professor Callum Hill of NIBIO and Campbell Skinner of BC gave the students a thorough grounding into LCA of wood modification via presentations and discussion groups.

During the school Dr Morwenna Spear and Dr Simon Curling, both from BC, led practical sessions covering both thermal and acetylation treatments of woods. These treated samples were then further characterised in later experimental sessions, including investigating water uptake mechanisms and moisture vapour sorption. Both are key characteristics when looking at performance of the materials.

The training school was also very fortunate to have two trainers from CNR-Ivalsa in Italy, Dr Anna Sandak and Dr Jakub Sandak, who led some very interesting discussions on service life and the characterisation of the aesthetics of materials. Their innovative approach in investigating the “human factor” in the use of materials was an exciting addition to the training school. Modelling, both in predicting service life and durability, and in assisting architects to predict the appearance of timber facades over time, is an essential area, in which great progress has been made in recent years.

There was also a chance to showcase previous projects at BC and Bangor with a trip out to the recent Saltcote building at Halen Mon. The building features Welsh grown larch cladding. Over all it was a busy but very worthwhile three days where the students and trainers alike got to learn about and appreciate new methods and techniques for use with assessing modified wood.

March 2017

BC strongly involved in research on the performance of Biobased materials in buildings

The BioComposites Centre had a strong representation at the recent COST Action FP1303 ( Conference in Sofia, Bulgaria; with 5 of the papers and 2 of the posters presented featuring input from BC scientists.

The conference had a packed program of high quality research from both established and early career researchers and students from across Europe and was a clear example of the value of collaboration under the COST program. Dr Simon Curling presented a paper on the effects on product durability that combining different biobased materials can have within a constructed wall. Dr Curling later presented a poster detailing the work led by Drs Robert Elias and Graham Ormondroyd, that BC has been carrying out on recycling of MDF with the innovative British company MDF Recovery (

Dr Morwenna Spear gave a thought provoking presentation on using plant structure as a template and inspiration for design of materials and structures. This work forms part of the Welsh National Research Network for Low Carbon Energy and the Environment (NRN-LCEE) Plants and Architecture Cluster ( that BC are an integral part of, alongside Aberystwyth and Cardiff Universities. Dr Spear also presented a poster giving details of some of the work carried out by a visiting Romanian researcher, Rasia Teciu, during her visit to BC. This was on innovative lay-ups of timber to analyse stresses in the glue bond using cyclic conditions with and without surface coatings.

Dr Athanasios Dimitriou, a Knowledge Transfer Partnership Fellow (currently working with Clifford Jones Timber ( in Ruthin and the BioComposites Centre), presented a paper on his work carried out on a Short Term Scientific Mission (STSM) at CNR-IVALSA in Italy ( His work was on surface characterisation of spruce wood from a Pan-European round robin test coordinated by Dr Jakub Sandak in CNR-IVALSA. The analysis of FTIR spectra under the guidance of Dr Dimitriou’s host in Italy, Dr Jakub Sandak, is a good example of the benefits of collaborating and knowledge sharing under COST funded short term scientific missions, boosting the understanding of weathering and its regional trends within Europe. This presentation was followed by a second paper on the topic by Dr Sandak, introducing a modelling method for timber weathering built on this valuable dataset.

Finally, a presentation on “Emissions from biobased materials” was given by Dr Lothar Clauder from Eberswalde University in Germany. Dr Clauder visited BC on another STSM to work with Dr Graham Ormondroyd and Mr Elie Mansour and utilise the microchamber for VOC measurements. Dr Clauder’s work investigated the extent of emissions from materials used in cabinets intended to display sensitive museum artefacts.
The conference was a great success with the presence of BC staff demonstrating their in-depth knowledge of the wide-ranging subject area of bio-based materials. This is a small portion of the expertise that BC staff have in this important research area.

February 2017

Talking about wool with the University of the Third Age

On Thursday 2nd February, Dr Simon Curling gave a presentation to the University of the Third Age in Bangor. The University of the Third Age is an organisation for retired and semi retired members of the community.

Dr Curling spoke about some of the exciting developments in the use of wool for insulation and packaging systems, including a summary of some of the work carried out by BC in this area. The audience of nearly 100 local people were keen to ask many pertinent questions on the subject and to examine wool samples provided; the alpaca wool sample was a clear favourite due to its softness!

This was an excellent opportunity to get out of the lab and explain the science and recent developments with a knowledgeable audience, and was enjoyable as well!

January 2017

World first as recycling of MDF waste moves a step closer

The world's first ever technology to recycle MDF waste has moved a step closer to reality. MDF Recovery has successfully concluded proof of concept trials to develop a commercially viable process to recover wood fibre from waste MDF. It is the culmination of more than six years' research and development to create a technology which will offer the first alternative to the use of landfill or burning to dispose of MDF. Britain, alone, disposes around 350,000 tonnes of MDF each year.

MDF fibresThe solution generates a new raw material source for the wood/natural fibre industry that reduces the demand on standing forests. The recovered fibre is of the same high quality as virgin wood fibre and provides feedstock to the manufacturers of MDF board, insulation products and horticultural growing products.

Co-founder and Managing Director Craig Bartlett is now ready to take the proprietary technology to the commercial market. Craig, who established MDF Recovery in 2009, said: “We have already begun discussions with a number of leading companies and organisations operating in the MDF production and waste industries and look forward to progressing these during the early part of 2017. The recycling process we have developed is a genuine world first. There is no other environmentally friendly alternative to the use of landfill or burning to dispose of MDF waste. Our technology can be retro-fitted or designed into new plants and offers a robust solution for reworking waste and increasing the yield at the MDF manufacturing facility. Zero waste production is now a real possibility. The financial payback is dependent on the size of MDF plant but in larger plants is expected within 18 months. The technology can also process industrial and commercial forms of MDF waste, allowing manufacturers to take back material from their customers – a so called ‘closed loop’ solution.”

This has been particularly attractive to the retail sector which utilises significant amounts of MDF in shop fittings. MDF – medium density fibreboard – was first devised in the 1970s and today more than 50million tons are produced globally every year, servicing the furniture, construction and DIY markets. Prominent markets outside of the UK include Continental Europe, USA, Russia, Brazil and China. Demand is increasing in Eastern Europe and Asia. It is estimated that between 30,000 and 60,000 tons of MDF waste could be recycled by MDF Recovery each year in the UK and almost 3million tons globally.

Before establishing MDF Recovery with co-founder Jim New, Craig worked as Head of Research & Consultancy at the UK Furniture Industry Research Association (FIRA), developing a wide range of technological solutions in partnership with industry and academia.

MDF RecoveryMDF Recovery has set up an advisory panel to help it commercialise the company’s technology. The panel includes Geoff Rhodes, widely recognised for his pioneering work in the timber industry, having driven the introduction of Medite MDF from the US into Britain before spending most of his career expanding the use of MDF in the UK and internationally. He is a former President of the Timber Trade Federation (TTF), the European Association of MDF Manufacturers (EMB) and the Fibre Building Board Federation (FIDOR).

Other advisory panel members include Dr Knut Kappenberg, Dr Rob Elias and Ray Howard.

Knut has over 20 years’ experience within R&D, innovation management and technology transfer roles including seven years as Global R&D Manager at Sonae Industria, one of the largest global manufacturers of wood-based panel products.

Rob Elias is the Director of the BioComposites Centre (BC) at Bangor University. The Centre was established in 1989 and is focussed on the translation of applied science into commercial opportunity. It has been at the forefront of research, development and the commercial application of bio-based alternatives to synthetic materials in manufacturing and industry. He is also the chair of the International Panel Products Symposium.
Ray is a businessman with over 40 years’ experience, mainly within manufacturing and related sectors including MDF. He has managed companies with turnovers ranging from £10m to £150m and is a specialist in strategic growth and business transformation.

The business has to date been funded via a mix of UK and Welsh Government, Angel Investor and Industrial funding.

BC working with WRAP Cymru to provide access to free research

BC is delighted to announce that it is working on an 18 month project with WRAP Cymru to support their Sustainable Resource Management Programme. Eligible Welsh companies will be able to access funding allowing them to use our services free of charge in order to improve their sustainability credentials.

The intention of WRAP Cymru’s Sustainable Resource Management Programme is to help deliver the Circular Economy in Wales by increasing recycling rates, reducing waste going to land fill and encouraging the use of recycled materials in manufacturing.  So if you want to know what to do with your waste, its chemical composition, recycling potential or how you could substitute an existing raw material with a ‘recycled’ one this could be the ideal opportunity for you. 

BC has a long track record of developing products from 'recycled' materials including electrical items, wood, packaging, textiles, construction waste, agricultural by-products, food waste and chemicals etc. Through this WRAP Cymru programme your company can access that expertise. For initial discussions about what BC can offer, please contact Dr Graham Ormondroyd. More information can also be found here.

December 2016

Researcher Links Workshop on Nano-Biomaterials for water purification - 12 to 16 December 2016, India

Rubber plantAccess to safe water is becoming increasingly limited due to poor drinking water resources and maintenance of water quality is a major challenge. Increased water pollution is another major threat due to the growth of industrialization, urbanization and a number of anthropogenic activities.

A five-day researcher links workshop on “Nano-Biomaterials for Water Purification” has been jointly conducted by BioComposites Centre, Bangor University with Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam, India. Vice-Chancellor Prof Babu Sebastian of Mahatma Gandhi University inaugurated the workshop at a function held at the chemical sciences seminar hall in Kottayam, India.

Water Treatment Plant at Malankara Rubber factoryThe workshop was very well organised and able to covey the need for water purification and its challenges to bring new innovation for developing cost-effective solutions using advanced materials. Early Career Researchers from UK and India participated and shared their research ideas and brain stormed several topics to work jointly. The event provided a unique opportunity for the participants to share research expertise and scientific networking.

Mentors from top institutes i.e. Prof. Suryasarathi Bose IISc, Bangalore; Prof. Ligy Philip IIT, Chennai; Prof. Kuruvilla Joseph IIST, Trivandrum; Dr Graham A. Ormondroyd Bangor University, UK; Prof. Rakesh Kanda Brunel University London joined the event.

Dr. R.T. Durai Prabhakaran and Prof. Sabu Thomas designed the technical program to cover many scientific plenary speeches, social networking events and a visit to a wastewater treatment facility - the Effluent Treatment Plant at MALANKARA RUBBER FACTORY, Thodupuzha.

Overall the workshop was a great success in terms of knowledge sharing and networking.

Nano-biomaterials for water purification workshop attendees

November 2016

BC staff have contributed a chapter 'Chemical composition of natural fibres', to a new book 'Advanced High Strength Natural Fibre Composites in Construction' (Editors: M.Fan, F. Fu. Woodhead Publishing, Cambridge, UK). The chapter gives details the groups of chemicals found in natural fibres and goes on to describe differences in fibre types found in various plant parts. The effect of chemical modification is discussed along with various analysis techniques to determine chemical composition of plant material. The chapter ends with details of ememging technologies which will improve our understanding of the chemical composition of natural fibres.

October 2016

BC is part of new BioPilotsUK alliance supporting UK bioeconomy growth

BC is delighted to be part of a new UK alliance – BioPilotsUK, launched to support the growth of the UK bioeconomy . The launch was announced at the European Forum in Industrial Biotechnology and the Bioeconomy (EFIB) 2016.

Five established R&D centres across the UK have come together to form the new BioPilotsUK alliance.  They are BEACON (Wales), the Biorenewables Development Centre (BDC - York), the Centre for Process Innovation (CPI - Redcar), IBioIC (Scotland) and The Biorefinery Centre (Norwich). This alliance will seek to position Britain as a global leader in biorefining technology development and bio-based product manufacture – two key elements of the bioeconomy.

BioPilotsUK brings together the nation’s leading expertise and facilities to help innovative ideas navigate the so called “valley of death” by demonstrating new bio-based processes and products at a commercially-relevant scale, in turn helping clients invest in the right technologies to grow their businesses.

“What we are all about is supporting the transition away from fossil resources by making the best use of biorenewable materials and unavoidable wastes,” said Adam Charlton, BEACON Project Manager from BC, Bangor University. “As an alliance, we can significantly de-risk the innovation process for anyone exploring a bio-based idea.”

By working collaboratively, the alliance seeks to significantly speed up the commercialisation of new green processes and products from biomass, including: plants, algae, and wastes.

Due to the varied nature of these raw materials, or feedstocks, there is no ‘one size fits all’ approach to biorefining, rather a series of technologies that must be trialled and combined. Now, the new alliance can quickly assemble the right team for any given bio-based project using expertise and facilities from across the five centres.

BEACON was established in 2011 backed by £10.6 million from the European Regional Development Fund through the Welsh Government. A further £12 million investment again funded by Welsh Government, backed by £8 million of EU funds for BEACON+ supported the project into the second phase in December 2015.

The bioeconomy offers a multi-billion-pound, global business opportunity: it is worth around €2 trillion in Europe alone and is growing rapidly worldwide. Offering the potential to deliver greater business value through social, environmental and financial benefits, it is estimated that the UK bioeconomy is already worth £153 bn in gross value-added (GVA) terms, generating over 4M jobs*.

“BioPilotsUK will enable Britain to realise the potential to tap both bioresources and biotechnology to create novel industrial products and processes necessary for an economically and environmentally sustainable nation,” notes Keith Waldron, Director, the Biorefinery Centre.

Professor Iain Donnison from Aberystwyth University’s IBERS (Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences) is Director of BEACON and said:

“BEACON is developing new green technologies, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which are needed to deliver on the Paris climate agreement signed by world leaders at the United Nations earlier this year. Such low carbon technologies also offer new opportunities to support economic activity and jobs, in both urban and rural Wales.”

The CO2 Lab Spins out to form Suprex
The Minister for Skills and Science, Julie James, officially opened Suprex on Monday 10th October. Suprex is a contract research organisation and is the only commercial organisation in the UK able to develop process applications for carbon dioxide (CO2) up to pilot scale.

Suprex, based in Caernarfon, is a spin-out of the CO2 Lab from the BioComposites Centre, Bangor University and is a joint venture between Phytovation Ltd and Bangor University.

The CO2 Lab, led by Professor Ray Marriott, became the preeminent centre for research into the use of supercritical carbon dioxide in the UK. In 2012, the Welsh Government supported laboratory expansion with a grant of £345,000, in recognition of the huge potential environmental benefits of the technology, which replaces traditional solvents with an environmentally benign alternative.

Suprex uses a cutting edge method of processing which is greener and more environmentally friendly than traditional methods. The process has applications across a wide range of industries including flavours, fragrances, cosmetics, personal care, nutraceuticals and pharmaceuticals. It is the only organisation in the UK capable of doing this type of research work.

The company currently works with a number of universities in the UK, as well as a broad range of blue chip businesses and SMEs and are actively working on new collaborative projects.
More information about the event at Bangor Univesity News and Welsh Government News.

June 2016

Ellen MacArthur Foundation
BC has become part of the Ellen MacArthur Foundation Network Universities. The Network Universities programme aims to enable collaborative ventures and knowledge exchange across policy makers, business and academia outside the Foundation’s formal programmes by showcasing relevant academic work globally. The Ellen MacArthur Foundation was established in 2010 with the aim of accelerating the transition to the circular economy. Since its creation the charity has emerged as a global thought leader, establishing circular economy on the agenda of decision makers across business, government and academia. We are proud to be part of this Network and look forward to global interactions in leading research for supporting the Circular Economy.

May 2016

On May 27th Dr Morwenna Spear and Dr Simon Curling demonstrated the BC’s work at the Wild Forest Products Fair at Glynllifon North Wales. The fair was a knowledge exchange event organised by the European funded StarTree project aimed at educating and informing communities about the resources, both timber and non timber alike, found in woodland and forest areas.

The BC exhibit focused on explaining how different timber types and products are suited for differing uses based on their material properties. An interesting demonstration on the tensile strength of wood (kindly loaned by the Wood Technology Society) proved popular demostration. The exhibit also showed how advancements in understanding wood properties combined with the development of engineered wood products is leading to a resurgence in building with wood, including new tall wood structures.

Information on other biomaterials, such as plant and animal derived fibres (e.g. hemp and wool) and how they can be used in modern buildings (eg insulation materials being developed in BC’s ECOSEE project) were also highlighted. The incorporation of biomaterials and engineered timber in buildings, and use of plants in urban greening options such as vertical gardens and green roofs were also demonstrated. This area of BC’s research under the NRN-LCEE Plants and Architecture cluster proved especially topical with many visitors discussing their own experiences and buildings.

Successful kick-off meeting for Innovate UK funded project
On May 12th the first meeting for a feasibility study looking at Innovative Wood Composite Poles was held at BC in Bangor. The project, funded by Innovate UK, teams the expertise of the BC with the innovation of Pollywood ltd from North East England in developing innovative designs for composite wooden poles.

Project collaboration with the Met office

On 5th of May the Met Office hosted a fact finding workshop for the NRN-LCEE at their state of the art facility in Exeter. BC attended along with colleagues from the Plants and Architecture cluster to discuss their work on urban greening, which has the goal of synergistically combining materials, plants and architecture using a multifunctional approach to improve the urban environment. Climatic conditions within urban areas can differ quite markedly from the surrounding region and the cluster had excellent discussions with the Met office Urban Modelling team that will be very beneficial for the project goals. The long term climatic modelling performed at the Met office will also be key in directing the development of appropriate vegetation planting schemes and assessing building and architecture requirements in the future.

The BioComposites Centre is part of the National Research Network for Low Carbon Energy and Environment (NRN-LCEE) as a member of the Plants and Architecture cluster (with Aberystwyth and Cardiff University).

BC and the Plants and Architecture cluster would like to thank the Met office for their time and engagement during a fascinating and productive visit.

Cover of 'Environmental Impacts of Traditional and Innovative Forest-based Bioproducts'

BC contribute to a new book

Graham Ormondroyd, Morwenna Spear and Campbell Skinner have contributed to a new book: 'Environmental Impacts of Traditional and Innovative Forest-based Bioproducts'.

The chapter entitled ‘The opportunities and challenges for re-use and recycling of timber and wood products within the construction sector’, addresses many factors which have influenced the reuse and recycling of wood in the UK over a 20 year period to 2015. Drawing on a wide range of reports and data for the sector, the main trends are described. These include early adoption of standards for the quality of recycled wood in the particleboard industry, clear segregation of waste wood by origin and level of expected contamination, and the development of the bio-mass energy market. The construction sector presents several challenges when reclaiming, re-using or recycling timber. Significant progress has been made by new legislation and through initiatives, best practice and the development of waste transfer stations and businesses utilising waste wood. Further avenues of research and emerging technologies are also discussed.

The book is available from Springer (

April 2016

Young Researcher's Forum III - Innovation in Construction Materials

Elie Mansour, PhD student at BC gave a presentation at the Young Researcher's Forum III. He talked about his work looking at insulation material and its contribution on indoor air quality. The presentation showed how the use of wool fibres contributes to better air quality through the absorption of VOCs, and how absorption varies depending on wool types, airborne concentrations and the make-up of the concentrations.

The Forum gave an opportunity for young researchers involved in construction materials to present their work and exchange ideas in a friendly and supportive environment. Subjects included cement, geopolymers, wood and timber.

The meeting was organised and hosted by the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at Imperial College London and is promoted by the Cementitios Materials Group of The Institute of Materials, Minerals and Mining, The Institute of Concrete Technology and The Mineralogical Society.

Short Term Scientific Mission in Norway

Graham Ormondroyd visited colleagues at NIBIO to learn DNA sequencing methods to assess very early decay in timber.

The work to be undertaken within this short-term scientific mission will seek to assess the effects of very early on-set decay on the dynamic modulus of Norway spruce. The work will be focused around two techniques, the first being the quantification of fungal DNA within the timber using real-time PCR (qPCR) and secondly analysis of the change in mechanical properties through Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA) timber that has been under decay conditions for between 1 – 3 weeks.

The data will be analyzed and a model built to be able to predict the drop in modulus from the quantitative gene expression within the timber. Once the technique has been fully developed and the models built these will be developed for other timbers including modified wood.

The mission is funded by COST through the Action FP1407 ‘Understanding wood modification through an integrated scientific and environmental impact approach (ModWoodLife)

BREAD4PLA nominated for Best LIFE Environmental project

BC’s BREAD4PLA project has recently been shortlisted as one of the ‘Best LIFE Environmental projects’ award by a panel of EU experts. The project demonstrated the potential of a closed loop recycling system, which could utilize the 175,000 tonnes of industrial bakery residue currently produced in Europe.

BREAD4PLA demonstrated that Polylactic Acid (PLA) could be viably made from waste products of the bakery industry, using enzymatic synthesis, in a continuous pilot plant process. The PLA was then used to make 100% biodegradable film which can be used for packaging bakery products.
More information is available at the BREAD4PLA project website.

To be shortlisted for the award a set of ‘best practice’ criteria are evaluated. These are key issues of the projects’ contribution to immediate and long-term environmental, economic and social improvements; their degree of innovation and transferability; their relevance to policy and their cost-effectiveness.

Receiving the nomination of a Best LIFE project is therefore a significant achievement as it shows that results from the project, if widely applied, could have the most positive impact on the environment.

25 projects are in the running and the award will be judged by public vote. Information about these projects is on the Life programme website.

Public voting for the Best LIFE EnvironmentalAward 2015 is now open to everyone through the EU survery website.

Why not take a look at the 25 projects that are in the running and use your vote?

**** VOTE NOW! ****

March 2016

BC at Woodbuild Wales 2016

Exhibiting at Woodbuild Wales gave BC an opportunity to promote recent research on construction related materials to an audience of architects, construction and building companies. The well-attended event sponsored by Welsh Government combined trade stands and a keynote talk from Edwina Hart, Welsh Minister for Economy, Science and Transport.

BC’s research on wood based material used in construction such a heat treated wood for cladding applications and recycled MDF insulation were displayed. “The breadth and nature of the enquiries was fantastic and showed that there is a real appetite in Wales to use timber and timber products” added Dr Graham Ormondroyd.

At the event Bangor alumni and past employee of BC, Gary Newman of Wood Knowledge Wales launched his Manifesto for Wood. This document sets out an integrated plan to stimulate the Welsh Wood Sector. Dr Rob Elias, Director of BC, welcomed this approach and added “The Manifesto sets out some key challenges for our sector and we need to look at how these can be addressed through collaborative research projects and I look forward to working with Gary to develop his plan”.

BC at Hidden Worlds 2016

On March 12th Bangor University hosted its Hidden World exhibition as part of Bangor Science week. The exhibition consisted of a range of displays and demonstrations to introduce Bangor University research to the public. The BioComposites Centre, as part of our research dissemination and S.T.E.M. education commitments, presented two aspects of our work.  The first a display of the wide range of uses and properties of wood which proved fascinating for young and old alike. The most eye catching part of this display was a 3.5m high tower of wood (kindly lent to us by the Wood Technology Society) emerging from a photograph of Wembley stadium as a scale representation of the amount of wood products used in the UK in one year.

The second display featured BC’s work on indoor air quality as part of the ECOSEE and NRN-LCEE projects. This topic has been in the media recently and BC’s novel approach using natural materials to improve indoor air quality attracted a lot of attention. The display utilised sensor technology provided by Caernarfon based PPM technology. This proved very useful as a hands-on method of demonstrating the issues raised, especially as the day progressed and the room warmed up from all the visitors !

BC at EcoBuild 2016

BC exhibited at EcoBuild, 8-9th March 2016, as part of the ECO-SEE project. Our display highlighted the work to date undertaken within the European funded project and showcased the new and novel materials that have been developed.

Our stand was well attended with over 200 people registering their interest in the project. Dr. Ormondroyd commented, ‘It was great to see such a variety of people taking an interest in the research, from academics to first time self builder to large housing companies.  The recent media attention that has been given to indoor air quality has certainly peaked peoples interest.’

The ECO-SEE project has now entered the demonstrator phase and the new materials developed at the BC will be progress to full building evaluation.

New 'Wood Composites' book out

Cover of 'Wood Composites' book

Members of the BC materials group have recently contributed to a new book ‘Wood Composites’ edited by Dr. Martin Ansell and published by Woodhead Publishing.

The book brings together 20 experts in the field of wood composites and covers a variety of topics ranging from the traditional (such as plywood) to new and novel concepts such as bio-mimicry, char composites and nano-coatings. The book aims to be an invaluable resource for anyone with an interest in wood composites and their applications, including R&D managers in the timber industries, wood scientists, timber engineers, architects, civil engineers and postgraduate researchers.

BC staff provided four chapters for the book including fundamentals, traditional composites and new and novel concepts.

Wood Composites is now available from Woodhead Publishing (

February 2016

Job vacancy - Research Scientist, The CO2 Lab

We are currently looking for recent PhD graduate with a strong interest in supercritical CO2 processing with excellent practical/technical skills and leadership potential to develop research skills.
The role will involve the support and delivery of a variety of research projects with commercial companies. Work will range from the investigation of the isolation and fractionation of natural products to derivatisation and the production of ultraclean materials. The supercritical CO2 research group is well equipped with four laboratory rigs, a pilot plant and comprehensive analytical facilities to support this work.

A recent PhD in an appropriate science (physics, chemistry or natural products science) subject is sought. The successful candidate should show a willingness and ability to learn new techniques quickly and efficiently and be able to solve day-to-day laboratory and scale-up problems.
The successful candidate will be expected to commence as soon as possible and the post is available for a period of 12 months.
Informal enquires to Prof Ray Marriott

More details and how to apply available at Bangor University Job Opportunities web page.

January 2016

Frankincense - fit for a king and novel applications

Epiphany, a Christian celebration, marks the arrival of the three kings, wise men or magi, with their gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh for the infant Jesus. Frankincense is a natural substance, which was greatly valued in the ancient world and considered a precious gift fit for a king.

Frankincense is a natural resin product made from Boswellia tree sap. It is harvested in a number of countries in Asia and the Horn of Africa, principally Somalia, Ethiopia and Oman. The quality and properties of the resin varies between the species of tree and harvest location.

Photos: Frankincense trees and purified frankincense
Frankincense was valued historically, and used as incense in religious ceremonies, while certain frankincense species were used for medicinal purposes. Today the Compton Group, part of the Swansea based Ballard Family, are interested in developing new uses for extracts from frankincense. Of particular interest is the species Boswellia frereana, often called the “king of frankincense”, or Asli in Arabic, that is found growing naturally only in Somalia. It has a different bouquet of chemicals to that of other Boswellia species.

Modern bio-purifying techniques available at a specialist unit at Bangor University have enabled scientists and commercial developers to work together to isolate, identify and measure the purity of some of the active ingredients within the natural product. These methods enable companies to develop pharmaceuticals or nutraceuticals from natural products, in the knowledge that the active ingredients are pure and will behave in a consistent manner which is essential for good manufacturing practice and quality control of the finished product.

The work completed by Bangor University’s School of Chemistry and BioComposites Centre, through the BEACON project, should enable commercial development of new uses and applications for new products derived from frankincense.

Dr Ahmed Ali is research consultant to the Compton Group, who are in discussions with commercial collaborators in the USA investigating commercial developments and efficacy testing of new products based on frankincense. These will enable people to use and appreciate the benefits of frankincense.

Dr Ahmed Ali, who is of Somalian origin, explains: “I’ve been investigating frankincense for over ten years and am delighted that developments are moving apace. Modern pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals need to be tested for their quality and purity. Having access to test facilities such as those at Bangor University, through the BEACON project, enables companies such as ours to investigate new uses for natural materials.

"Previous research has established that frankincense could help people with arthritis. It is hoped that not only will pain be relieved, but also further damage to ligaments and bones will be prevented. The Compton Group are speaking with companies who want to commercialise and develop applications of new frankincense based products for these large and important markets."